Come to the GNSI Conference this summer, and walk the same ground that dinosaurs once roamed! Was Montana a teaming jungle filled with giant, flesh-ripping monsters 72 million years ago? Not exactly, and the scientist who has done the most research on the day-to-day life of dinosaurs is our keynote speaker, Montana State University’s Jack Horner.
One of his surprising theories is that dinosaurs were much more sociable than we previously thought and lived in large herds. Horner refers to some common dinosaurs as “cows of the Mesozoic.” He has also recently revised the familiar view of the dreaded Tyrannosaurus Rex. Perhaps the beast wasn’t so terrible, but was more like the African hyena, a scavenger, rather than a fierce predator?
Jack Horner was digging up bones in his Montana back yard at age 6, and knew then what he wanted to do when he grew up. Curator of the Museum of the Rockies for the past 25 years, Jack has collected dinosaur fossils from many digs in an area known as the Hell Creek Formation in eastern Montana’s Badlands.
Perhaps most famous for his 1978 discovery of the dinosaur now called Maiasaur (see Kapi Monoyios’ wonderful conference logo, above!), this dinosaur group roamed Montana about 77 million years ago, near the end of the Cretaceous Period. Maiasaurs (the name means “good mother lizard“) were large, duck-billed plant-eaters and because the nests Horner found held remains of eggshells and hatchlings, they are considered proof that dinosaurs raised their young.
These first Maiasaur dinosaur embryos, 75 million-year-old fossilized baby skeletons, were found at Egg Mountain, Montana, in the remains of dinosaur nests. “That was pretty cool…little eggs full of babies,” Horner said.
So it’s not surprising that director Steven Spielberg came to get some help in his work on all three “Jurassic Park” movies. “My job was to make sure sixth-graders didn’t send Steven nasty letters, and to make sure the actors pronounced their words right...but, also to make sure the dinosaurs looked good.” Hollywood’s portrayal maybe isn’t realistic, he says, “I think any dinosaur, including all those Velociraptors, would have gone and eaten that Triceratops before they would have tried to break into a building to eat children.” But dinosaur movies raise the profile of what he does and get adults interested, which is great, Horner says.
The museum serves as Horner’s second home; the dinosaurshis children, the visitorswelcome guests. He walks the “Hall of Horns and Teeth” answering questions from young and old alike. Those he stops to chat with are impressed by his grasp of the subject and easygoing nature.
The Museum of the Rockies has 12 T-rex specimens, including one of only two complete specimens ever found. Horner helped dig up the beast in eastern Montana’s Badlands in 1990. He had it molded and cast in bronze and put on display outside the museum entrance. “Dinosaurs in Montana...are...65 to 68 million years old...and include famous giants of the Cretaceous Period, like Triceratops, Tyrannosaurus rex, and armored Ankylosaurus.”
Horner’s key interests are dinosaur growth and behavior. “We have a life history of Triceratops…and are interested in T-rex and duck-billed dinosaurs. Life histories tell you just about everything you need to know about an animal.”
One of the aspects of his work that most inspires Horner is encouraging childrens’ interest in dinosaurs. Early school difficulties with math, reading, and foreign languages troubled Horner, but he absolutely loved science, and searched for fossils with his dad, looked at every science book he could find in town…though he couldn’t read them. In high school he won every science fair with his innovative projects, but still had problems memorizing for tests. Many years later he heard of dyslexia, an explanation for why reading was so hard, why he struggled with tests, and was unable to memorize. When he became curator at the Museum of the Rockies and began teaching at Montana State University, he never made students memorize for tests: instead, they have to explain what they know!
Bring ‘em Back Alive: A Multi-disciplinary Approach for Life Restorations
Life restorations, 3-dimensional models constructed through examination of fossil bones, benefit from a multi-disciplinary approach. Dynamic properties of the vertebrate skeleton, development of bone tissue and an organism’s ability to modify to its surroundings are the foundation for the reconstruction of extinct life.
Biomechanics, approaching the skeleton as series of levers and interpreting degrees of motion as they relate to the shape of the joints, helps to determine the limits of an organism’s overall posture.
Comparative anatomy is useful in determining placement of individual muscles, eye shape, and integument. Camouflage and color theory helps with the seemingly unlimited possibilities for finishing touches to the model.
Matt Smith will discuss these and other issues and topics relevant to his work with fossil reconstruction.
Doug will show samples of his illustration projects over the last 25 years, beginning with the early assembly of the solar system and progressing to scenes of early life, from early Paleozoic to a detailed visit to the Mesozoic. He will conclude with a visual description of the high-energy asteroid impact that brought an end to the Cretaceous.
Among the images will be examples of field sketches, preliminary design work and some representation of the progression to finished work.
Asteroid and Tylosaur, pastel, 1999, Douglas Henderson from ASTEROID IMPACT, published by Dial, 2000.
Indoor Talk: Trodding on prickly pear cactus and being chased by ferocious grizzlies was all in a day’s work for the Lewis & Clark Expedition during their journeys through Montana in 1805 and 1806.
Learn about Lewis and Clark’s discoveries of Montana natural history from the safety of your chair.Outdoor Walk: Or join us to enjoy the fresh air and scenery of modern Montana while learning about Lewis and Clark’s discoveries of local natural history.
Business Panel: Surviving in Today’s Difficult Business Climate
The growing field of Rapid Prototyping can be intimidating, but it has direct impact on our industry, and is a tremendously powerful tool as well as a potentially lucrative service to offer. This presentation is a report describing the last 2 years Cosmocyte has spent establishing an infrastructure for supplying Rapid Prototyping to clients.
Attendees will learn what types of machines are available, ballpark costs of machines, materials and outsourced services, where to get data to prototype, and much more.
Image for prototype of a human heart by Cameron Slayden, @2005 Cosmocyte, Inc.
Most molecules are too small to be seen by even the most powerful microscopes. In fact, individual atoms are smaller than the wavelength of visible light. Therefore, we can never know what a molecule really “looks like.” Nevertheless, scientists have developed abstract representations of molecules that describe their geometry and physical properties.
In this talk, Jim will discuss the history of visualizing molecules, including the development of x-ray crystallography that lets us “see” the complex 3D structure of proteins and other compounds. Jim will describe different methods of representing molecules and when each is appropriate to use. Finally, he will demonstrate molecular visualization software that allows an illustrator to explore molecular models in 3D, generate reference images, and even render a finished illustration.
Molecules by Jim Perkins
A Place for Everything, and Everything in its Place: Getting Organized with FileMaker Pro
Jennifer E. Fairman, CMI
0.1 CEU Business
Jennifer will introduce the features and functions of FileMaker Pro as a time and sanity-saving business tool that can easily organize vital data that is often easy to lose, such as client contact information, job information and illustration archiving. She will demonstrate why and how FileMaker can help a small illustration studio business owner get more organized with a computer-aided demonstration. Topics will include how to set up a basic database, database types/features including client/contact management systems, job management, and building a database to archive stock artwork for easy retrieval. Other organizational tips will address how to make sure all files, both digital and paper, are easy to find using job numbers, archive numbers, file-naming conventions, etc. Level: Beginner.
Art by Kalliopi Monoyios, from Make the Team
The Pros and Cons of Using Photos as References for Scientific Illustration Scott Rawlins
0.1 CEU Art
Many artists experience at least a twinge of guilt when they have to rely on photographs as source material for illustrations. When working from dried or preserved specimens, or when rendering subjects unavailable due to geographic or seasonal incompatibility, photographs are sometimes the only source available to ensure lifelike, accurate renderings. This illustrated lecture will present the advantages and disadvantages of using photo references and discuss how models can be constructed to enhance visual understanding of subject matter.
Grant and Funding Resources for Natural History Artists Lori Grove
0.1 CEU Business
Lori will present art funding sources that can be applied to for natural history illustration and/or other professional artwork funds. With a background in scientific illustration and a current position in grant research at The Field Museum, Lori will review funding resources at federal agencies, foundations, and state and local government offices that accept applications from natural history artists.
Silverpoint, or “metalpoint,” originally used by scribes, came into use for drawing in the medieval period, and was particularly favored from the 14th century up to the early 17th. Metalpoint was favored because it could capture fine detail and would not smudge, as well as being permanent and fade-proof. There was a revival of silverpoint drawing in the 18th century, the late 19th century, and again in the early 20th century, and a number of artists use it today.
This presentation will cover the history of the technique and will show examples from such masters as Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt, and Albrecht Dürer. Work by contemporary artists will also be shown, including imaginative and humorous works, realistic still lifes and figures, portraits, and abstracts.
Silverpoint drawing of dog by Karen Ackoff
Making the Books Illinois Insects and Insect and Bird Architecture
Peggy Macnamara 0.1 CEU Art
Information coming soon!
The Process of Wood Engraving
Claire Emery 0.1 CEU Art
Come learn about wood engraving, a traditional illustration technique used since 1423 by notable artists such as Albrect Durer, Thomas Bewick, and Michael McCurdy. Originally used to illustrate books on printing presses, this classic technique is now little-known and rarely used.
Fuzzy on the difference between ppi and dpi? Not sure when to use tiffs, gifs, or pngs? Whether you’re just now contemplating getting a computer or you’re a seasoned professional looking for that shortcut to speed up your workflow, our digital panel is here to tackle your questions. Panelists will briefly state their experience and expertise and will subsequently open the session up for questions. We can’t guarantee that they’ll have every answer for your digital woes, but hopefully we’ll get beyond the infamous troubleshooting question, “Is your computer plugged in and your power on?”
I’m an artist! Will our children be artists? Using her curriculum called “Audubon in the Schools” as an example, Kris will outline a plan for bringing bird biology and art methods into K-12 classrooms. How do you market such a class and what components make for an exciting experience? How do you work with teachers to encourage them to use your methods after you leave their classrooms? Don’t want to teach yourself? Kris includes hints on training non-artists to teach. We’ll discuss the responsibility we have to make sure students learn basic art skills when this is usually at the bottom of the school goals list.
Trompe l’oeil as applied to Scientific Illustration
Jerry Hodge 0.1 CEU Art
Trompe-l'œil is a technique involving rendering extremely realistic imagery in order to create the the optical illustion that the depicted objects really exist. Use of trompe l'oiel dates back as far as Greek and Roman times, and was used for murals, typically depicting a window, door, or hallway, intended to suggest a larger room. This gave way to a school of painting where features such as a fly might appear to be sitting on the frame of the painting or a piece of paper might appear to be tacked to a board. Trompe l'oeil is ideally suited to scientific and medical art because of the shared attention to detail and realism. Jerry will provide an historical overview, showing examples of historical and contemporary works. In addition, he will show some of the tricks he's developed along the way.!
Art by Jerry Hodge
Geo-Science Talk - Scale & Proportion in Earth-Science Figures
Nicole Roach 0.05 CEU Art
Conveying accurate scale and proportion is often a challenge when illustrating Earth-science concepts. Do we always have to be exact? Through a review of existing examples, Nicole will address the use and importance of scale and proportion in Earth science figures, and when it is appropriate to “bend the truth” without losing accuracy. She will also explore different methods used to convey scale in a figure, as well as some applications of these methods.
Geo-Science Talk - Creating a Portrait of a Glaciated Landscape for Young Viewers.
Amelia Janes 0.05 CEU Art
Amelia will present her process of creating shaded relief and topography maps for a Wisconsin 4th grade textbook. Wisconsin’s landscape is unique for its combination of glaciated and unglaciated landforms. The unglaciated area is steep and craggy with ridges, valleys, bluffs and mounds, while the central plains of the old glacial lake basins are flat and sandy. The last glaciers left behind drumlins, kettles and moraines. Highlands, lowlands and escarpments all present themselves in the Wisconsin landscape. Amelia will show how she sifts through these diverse physical elements to generalize detail for some features, increase scale for others, and accentuate the differences so that a younger viewer can “see” the landscape.
Geo-Science Talk - Creating a Coral Reef Model
Cindy Shaw 0.05 CEU Art
Using underwater sketches, photography, and experience for reference; along with Bryce, Z-Brush and PhotoShop as modeling and rendering tools, Cindy will describe her process for creating a large-scale Caribbean coral reef illustration.
Geo-Science Talk - Revamping the Art for a (Not-unusual) Physical Geology Textbook
Cindy Shaw 0.05 CEU Art
Authors of an established geology textbook, dissatisfied with the publisher’s in-house art produced for the 10 previous editions, were finally able to convince the publisher to hire an outside illustrator who had a strong background in geology. Cindy became lead illustrator, producing over 300 new and revised illustrations for the new edition. Through “before and after” art, Cindy will review authors and reviewers criticisms of the previous art, and how she approached corrections and new art for the 11th Edition.
Geo-Science Talk - Creating a Very Unusual Physical Geology Textbook
Chuck Carter and Cindy Shaw 0.05 CEU Art
A new approach to geology textbooks, this book is based on the latest research in cognitive learning, and presents each concept as a two-page spread of figures that are tightly integrated with small blocks of text. The unusual art-focused nature of this book called for an unorthodox approach to production, which was accomplished by a team of authors and illustrators working closely togetherwith very little interference from the publisher. The result is a beautiful, informative, seminal book that has been predicted by the publisher and reviewers to be a runaway best-sellerboth in and out of the education market. Chuck and Cindy will discuss their roles in the creation of this exciting new book.
Manufacturers place an enormous amount of seemingly cryptic information on paint tubes. Similarly named tubes can contain very different ingredients, and tubes with completely different names can contain the same ingredients. Manufacturers code paint tubes to help the consumer figure out the lightfastness of the pigment, specific pigments contained in the tube, and their safety. This interactive lecture will address various codes, numbers, and symbols on the label of a paint tube. Please come with questions.
(2 hour, 2-part mini-workshop) Part 1: The perspective of reflections and shadows has long confounded artists. Guessing doesn’t work; learning the principles is the only way. Nancy explains and illustrates these principles in a straightforward, easily understood manner. Participants will draw examples and complete simple exercises, and are encouraged to bring in their own work in progress for problem solving.
Dickinson’s Contributions to an Artist’s Life
Emily Dickinson, the Amherst, Massachusetts poet-recluse who died 139 years before John Cody was born, had a powerful influence on his life. In this presentation, John will explain how this effect came about and what made it such a peak experience. Long after he became a physician, Harvard published his biography of the poet, a book written because it seemed the only means whereby Dickinson would “let him go.” Though a decade has passed since John gave a talk on Emily Dickinson, dozens of her strange and powerful poems have stayed intact, unbidden, in his memory. He promises listeners they will come away from his presentation with a deeper understanding of the true nature of great poetry.
Wednesday, July 18, 2007
Perspective of Reflections & Shadows - Part 2 Outdoors
Nancy Halliday 0.2 CEU Art
(2 hour, 2-part mini-workshop) Part 2- Outdoor Sketching: Try some practical applications of principles learned in Part 1.
A Glimpse into the Past of the Diving Docodont
Mark Klingler: 8:30 - 9:00 am 0.05 CEU Biomed. Sci.
The Diving Docodont image provides a glimpse into the past as the earliest known swimming mammal, Castorocauda lutrasimilis, explores shallow waters in the lush, green ecosystem of the middle Jurassic. This significant fossila Carnegie Museum discoveryis at least 164 million years old, and offers the first evidence of semi-aquatic behavior almost 100 million years earlier than previously thought. Selected for the cover of the 24 February 2006 issue of “Science,” the reconstruction image accompanied the news article picked up by worldwide media outlets. To reconstruct an entire animal from an ancient and incomplete fossil, Klingler worked closely with scientists to compare the characteristics of the fossil to both modern and primitive animals, researching modern diving creatures such as the otter and platypus for skeletal information. Related species of primitive mammals provide information about structure, and using these clues, scientific illustrators can tell the life story of an extinct mammal otherwise only seen in stone.
The Diving Docodont, Castorocauda lutrasimilis reconstruction by Mark Klingler
No Bones About itReconstructing without Remains
Katura Reynolds - 9:00 - 9:30 am 0.05 CEU Biomed. Sci.
Our understanding of ancient life forms is based largely on studying fossil remains. But what does an illustrator do when asked to reconstruct ancient critters, without having fossils on hand for reference? Katura will review a recent project where she did scratchboard reconstructions of ten extinct ice-age mammals, working with a list of scientific names, a stack of books, and the world wide web. Discussion will include the larger issue of resources for researching and reconstructing ancient animals.
Since the year 2000 the Tate Geological Museum at Casper College has been constructing a Walk Through Wyoming Geological Time display to further earth science education and raise public awareness of the rich geological and paleontological resources that Wyoming has to offer. The author has been closely involved with this project, producing layout sketches of the displays, maps showing the positions of the continents and distribution of land and sea at various times, and life restorations.
Avetheropos Muscle Reconstruction
Russell J. Hawley
pen and ink
black and white
27.7 cm x 35.6 cm
copyright 2000 Russell J. Hawley
The Integration of Paleontology and Developmental Biology
Kapi Monoyios - 10:30 - 11:00 am 0.05 CEU Biomed. Sci.
The past decade has ushered in a fascinating trend in the biological sciences. Academic departments all over the country are changing their names to “Integrative Biology,” mixing geneticists and developmental biologists with biomechanists and paleontologists. The approach encourages scientists to let the big evolutionary questions drive inquiry and enables them to draw on the tools of a number of disciplines in evaluating hypotheses. The University of Chicago lab that last year unveiled the discovery of the “fishapod,” Tiktaalik roseae, is a perfect example of why this approach works. Enjoy a virtual tour of the lab and its inhabitants, and see how varied scientific approaches from seemingly disparate fields can help tackle the most intriguing evolutionary questions.
Art by Kapi Monoyois
Paleo Portfolio Sharing
- 11:00 am - 12:00 pm
Come meet and share portfolios with your colleagues in paleo. With Mary Parrish, (National Museum of National History, Department of Paleobiology) and Marlene Hill Donnelly (Field Museum, Department of Geology) as hosts, attendees will introduce themselves, briefly show portfolios, and discuss with one another what is happening in the field of paleo llustration throughout the country. All paleo illustrators and those interested in paleo illustration are welcome.
This lecture will cover what every illustrator should know about printing and pre-press, focusing on tips and techniques in Adobe PhotoShop. How does one prepare work for print in PhotoShop? What are current print processes and what are the basic concepts and practices of digital pre-press? Topics include image resolution and bit depth, sharpening, color correction, and targeting. Also covered will be the theory and practice of color management with its three components: characterization, calibration and translation. We will use the color management implemented in Adobe PhotoShop to explain, demonstrate and lay down some no-nonsense strategies and tips for using color management in your work.
Image ready for print by Larry Lavendel
Exploring Vector Graphics with Adobe Illustrator
Rick Simonson 0.1 CEU Art
Learn how to use Adobe Illustrator! This presentation will focus on the basic features of this powerful vector graphics program. Rick will demonstrate how this program works and how you can use it in your creative projects. Topics will include: tool and palette functions, creating your own workspace, working with reference material, useful filters and effects, working with type, etc. Illustrator is a tool that is commonly used along with other software such as PhotoShop, but it can also be used independently to create entire finished works. This lecture is designed for the Adobe Illustrator beginner.
Adobe Illustrator screenshot of bird at feeder by Rick Simonson
’Tufteing‘ it Out: An Information Graphics Primer
Larry Lavendel 0.1 CEU Art
Information design in the 1980s was a matter of boiling down data, and then presenting it in a simple and fun graphic. By the ’90s, Edward Tufte, a little known Yale professor of statistics, almost single handedly reversed this trend. He coined the term “chartjunk” to refer to the useless, non-informative, or information-obscuring elements of information displays that crowded the newspapers and magazines of that era. His self-published books on information design and visual literacy are seminal works that shape much of the visual communication of information that we see today. Here is a quick overview of some of his theories. Level: Beginner/Intermediate.
Book covers of Edward Tufte's books
Chrysalis, Maria Sibylla Merian and the Secrets of Metamorphosis
0.1 CEU Business
Before Darwin, before Audubon, there was Maria Sibylla Merian. Kim Todd will talk about Chrysalis, Maria Sibylla Merian and the Secrets of Metamorphosis, the dramatic story of a woman’s scientific expedition to the New World at a time when such a journey was almost unthinkable. Kim looks at the life of this pioneering explorer/naturalist who journeyed, at age fiftywith only her daughterto South America in 1699 to study insect metamorphosis. She produced a book upon her return to Europe, securing her reputation, only to have it savaged in the nineteenth century by scientists who disdained the work of “amateurs.” A reviewer said: “If Maria Sibylla Merian were alive today, she’d be on Oprah. A teen bride, she later left her husband and joined an obscure cult, supported herself by selling her paintings, and studied nature in the South American jungle at the age of 52. The kicker? She did all this in the 17th century.”
Creative possibilities for Earth and life science illustration are limitless, especially in the realm of 3D modeling and surface sculpting. Chuck will explore some of the software tools available, such as Z-Brush, Mudbox, and Silo-3D, that can be used to bring your science illustrations to life.
Artist and Client Advantages in a Digital Studio
- Karen Carr
Working digitally with software tools that mimic the feel and look of traditional media, natural science and history illustrator Karen Carr has created murals for museums and institutions around the world. Her presentation discusses these software tools, her typical project workflow, how-to information on managing and creating large images, and a live demonstration of some of her tools and techniques.
Science-Art.com: Be Prepared to Say YES!
Britt Griswold 0.1 CEU Business
What does it take to be prepared to respond to your clients once you open an on-line portfolio? Science-Art.com makes the process of having an on-line presence easy and affordable, with class. Now be ready to respond when customers come-a-calling. Britt discusses responding to web inquires, and will demonstrate the portfolio customizations/optimization available at Science-Art.com. Level: General.
Screen shot of Science-Art.com by Britt Griswold
Guided Science Illustration: a Teaching & Learning Tool for Science Education
Cindy Shaw 0.1 CEU Art
Cindy recently completed her Masters in Education at Washington State University, where her research focused on incorporating guided scientific illustration to teach middle school Earth and life science students. Using both “static” and “dynamic” drawing techniques (dictated by the subject matter) and testing students for short and long-term retention and understanding of concepts, Cindy’s research produced some enlightening resultsalong with some very amazing student art.
For the past 3 years, Consie was illustrator, designer, part-time editor, and full-time wolf lover in creating Wolf Song, a picture book written by Mary Bevis and published by Raven Productions. She will share the story of making this book, start to finish, with some interesting insights into working closely with a very small, environmentally-conscious publisher.
Do you want to show your professional work to the world on the web but not want to take the time and effort required to learn a complex web design program? Do you want to not only be able to design your own website but to modify and update it yourself at any time? In this lecture, Rick will show you how to use iWeb, a powerful and flexible, yet easy to use, website design program. Your website will be up and running in no time! Level: Beginner.
Last year, you may remember Christine’s presentation on carnivorous plants. Well, she’s back to get your feet wet yet again…not in a bug-infested swamp this time…but in the clear, cold streams of the mountain west. Christine will offer a presentation on trout and salmon, bsaed on a field season studying habitat degradation and threats to the native west slope cutthroat trout in northern Idaho. She will recount some of her adventures in the field, plodding along in hip waders, up a river’s course from its mouth to the headwaters, and the lessons she learned along the way. Her slide show allows you to follow a salmon on its daunting journey as it attempts the 3,000-mile migration from the ocean to its ancestral spawning grounds deep in the Rocky Mountains.
Picture book illustrators know that final illustrations are only part of what creates a perfect marriage of images and text. A storyboard enables the illustrator to see the book at a glance and to understand what is and isn’t “working.” In this session we will look at what is involved in using a storyboard to plan the integration and flow of text and illustrations, and tackle hands-on practice of blocking out a storyboard. (No need to bring your own story; we’ll have some manuscripts.)
Siennas to Quinachridones: A Brief History of Pigment
Patricia Savage 0.1 CEU Art
Humans began painting by smearing inorganic earth pigments on cave walls. A few pigments on the modern artist’s palette have been barely altered since then, joined by newer pigments that contain a modern synthesis of new chemicals. In the past and today, tree bark, flowers, cow urine, sea shells, insects, precious and not-so-precious stones and metals, mud, rocks, and lead have been mixed, burned, boiled or ground. Patricia will provide an overview of the history of individual colors, the different pigments used on an artist’s palette, and how the morality and symbolism assigned to colors has changed.
It seems like every botanical garden is developing a certificate program. With so many out there, how do you survive? We will discuss various programs and how we have changed to meet student needs, yet stay true to our mission. Exhibits, art guilds and marketing within special events will also be covered.